The Government is committed to the provision of quality education and training in relation to children. ld regardless of the individual's relationship with the child. .. The first commission after independence, the Kenya Education Commission. They range from social, economical, technological to political influences. Kenya's education system is mostly influenced by the political factor. . supposed to operate in providing effective leadership and management practices in the . There is close relationship between the national character and the national system. recommends: the need to separate educational policies from national politics, objectives of the Government of Kenya (GoK) since gaining its independence in relationship between schooling and development in Kenya is less extensive vague recommendation to the effect that while the provision of education.
Low transition rates from primary to secondary, secondary to higher education institutions, and higher education to special fields or job market. Outdated curricula for technical, vocational education and training.
Challenges facing Education in Kenya
Inadequate physical facilities for technical, vocational education and training as well as mechanisms for quality assurance; 8. Limited resources for expansion of universities to cope with the number of students leaving secondary schools. Mismatch between skills offered by universities and the demands of the labour market. High pupils to teacher ratios in densely populated areas and low pupil to teacher ratios in less populated regions.
Due to the need to contain the wage bill to manageable levels, the government does not employ new teachers, but only replaces those who leave through death, resignation or retirement.
This has led to shortfall of teachers in schools. Strategies to address these challenges 1. The draft policy is under discussion with the stakeholders before being finalized and adopted.
Adult literacy survey was conducted between June and August and findings should establish the actual literacy levels in the country. Draft policy on gender and education is being developed.
Review of all laws on education and training is on-going through a task force on legal frame work for education and training. One of the reasons is the outflow of students belonging to the higher socioeconomic strata, who often prefer foreign Universities. For instance, Amutabip.
The system of education introduced in still remain the most radical and perhaps mindless change in the education in Kenya since independence. It has already caused great devastation to Kenya that even if it were changed today, the toll on the nation will be felt for many years to come. Its devastation is similar to that of the failed Ujamaa in Tanzania many years after it was officially scrapped.
The system has been the subject of national debate since its inception. The new education policy has also been implicated in the worst strikes that engulfed a number of schools in Kenya during the year and the general poor quality of education Amutabi, Since its inception, system has been changed to be more accommodative.Tom Mboya, Kenyan Political Leader (April 12, 1959)
Several commission have been formed with the view of improving the system: A majority of these reports were either rejected or partially implemented. For instance Muya, The Kamunge Report GoK, on Education and training which recommended the reduction of examination subjects under thewas implemented in secondary schools but ignored at the primary schools level; The president Moi rejected the Koech Report. The Gathachi report noted with great concern the rising rate of unemployment among school leavers and recommended the restructuring of the education system curriculum in order to have more streams of science, mathematics and, technical and vocational subjects Republic of Kenya, The Mackay Report influenced the extension of primary education from seven to eight years and thus influenced the restructuring of the education system from to and hence the introduction of technical and vocational i.
They both commission reports emphasized the integration of technical and vocational education in the entire Kenyan educational system right from primary to tertiary levels Simiyu, The system of education. International Journal of Educational Development.
Kenya Education Commission Report. Report of the National Committee on Educational Objectives. Government Printers Muya, W. Great expectations as new system seems likely. Daily Nation on web. Kenya Education Commission Report, part I.
Report of presidential working party Mackey Report. Factors, which influence the teaching of technical and vocational subjects in primary schools in Uasin Gishu, district. Moi University Department of educational communication.
Development of Education in Kenya since Independence
MA dissertation unpublished Citation Wanjohi, A. Development of Education System in Kenya since Independence. Available online at www.